Our Blog

Everything You Need to Know About Low Sperm Count

Oligospermia, or low sperm count, is a condition where a mans semen contains fewer than the normal number of sperm. If a man has fewer than 15 million sperm per millimeter of semen, their sperm count is considered lower than normal. Unfortunately, many men who suffer from a low sperm count find it more difficult to fertilize their partner’s egg, making conceiving a pregnancy less likely. The good news is that many men with low sperm counts are still able to become fathers.

Causes of Low Sperm Count

There are several potential causes of low sperm count in men. Some of the most common ones include:

  • Hormonal Imbalances: There are certain hormones that are necessary to produce sperm. Any alterations in these hormones may hinder sperm production.
  • Infection: Gonorrhea, chlamydia, and urinary tract infections are examples of conditions which may lead to infection and trigger low sperm count.
  • Sperm Duct Problems: Illness or injury may cause the ducts that carry sperm to be blocked or damaged. Blocked or damaged ducts make it difficult for sperm to make their way into the semen.
  • Ejaculation Issues: Neurological diseases, birth defects that affect the male reproductive system, prostate surgery, hormone-related conditions, depression, and anxiety may all lead to ejaculation issues.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Obesity, the use of illegal drugs, smoking, stress, and prolonged sitting can all play a role in low sperm count.

How to Increase the Likelihood of Pregnancy

There are a number of different ways men with low sperm count and can increase their likelihood of pregnancy. If a lifestyle factor is the cause of low sperm count, lifestyle changes can be beneficial. In the event that low sperm count is the result of another cause, one or a few of the following treatments may be recommended:  

  • Hormone treatment: If hormone imbalance is present, a medication may be prescribed to help a man’s body get back to normal. It typically takes a few months to see results from this type of medication.
  • Surgery: Surgery may be necessary if low sperm count is the result of a physical abnormality.
  • Assisted fertilization: IVF can be used to fertilize the egg in a lab before it is transferred into the uterus. Since IVF allows the fertilization process to be completed manually, sperm count is not as important. IUI which involves separating high quality sperm from those that are non moving or sluggish is another option.

Contact Carolinas Fertility Institute Today

If you are a man with low sperm count or the partner of a man who is struggling with this issue, contact Carolinas Fertility Institute today. We’ll evaluate the condition and help make your dream of becoming a parent a reality.